Posts Tagged With: History

SUGBO 1898

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General Emilio Aguinaldo Mansion, Kawit, Cavite

Every 12th of June the whole country celebrates Independence Day. Originally Philippine Independence day was on the 4th of July, commemorating July 4, 1946 when President Manuel Roxas raised the Philippine Flag which signaled the Independence of the Island from the United States of America.

“..on August 4, 1964, I signed at Malacañang Republic Act No. 4166 statutorily prescribing June 12 as Philippine Independence Day. Special witnesses invited to the signing were children of Presidents, including Carmen Melencio-Aguinaldo, Manuel Quezon Jr., Maria Osmeña-Charnley, Gerardo Roxas, Tomas Quirino, and my sons Arturo and Diosdado Jr.” President Diosdado Macapagal

Paying Respect to General Miong

Paying Respect to General Miong

We all know what happened in the Katagalogan on June 12, 1898, but what about SUGBO?

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a bas-relief of “Inang Bayan” holding a flag, on the ceiling of Aguinaldo’s Mansion living room

Cebu only became independent from Spain on December 24, 1898, when the Spaniards unceremoniously sail away from the Island following the treaty of Paris, which sold Las Islas Filipinas to  Estados Unidos.

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Aguinaldo’s appendix and gauze that was left inside him after his appendectomy in 1919

I sent an Email to Dr. Micheal Cullinane Associate Director of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Dr. Mike is one of the experts on Cebuano History. I asked him if there was any significant event in Cebu on June 12, 1898. Herewith is his reply verbatim:

Ka Bino,
Great questions – I can see where you are going… maayo man…

So, some historical background… As you know, Tres de Abril 1898, Cebuanos revolted against Spain; by April 7th, the Spaniards retook the ciudad and forced the rebels, led by Leon Kilat and Luis Flores (ug uban pa) to the south (Carcar for Leon Kilat) and to the Luyong Dagat (contracosta) and bukid for Luis Flores, Emilio Verdeflor, Arcadio Maxilom, etc, with the latter grupo ending up by May at Sudlon. Leon, of course, was assassinated in Carcar. So, from Mayo to Diciembre 1898, the Cebuanos held out at Sudlon and continually challenged the Spanish control over many towns on both coasts. In June, there were several battles that took place between Spanish forces and Cebuanos, especially in the Toledo-Tuburan area (often involving Verdeflor & Maxilom and others) and in Pardo — down the mountain from Sudlon. So, for your turistas and others, you can say for sure that while Emilio Aguinaldo was declaring independence in Cavite, the Cebuanos were fighting the Spaniards in various places in Cebu.
The only actual event that you may be able to use is that on June 12, 1898 there was a famous battle in Pardo, when the Cebuano rebels, including Arcadio Maxilom, Potenciano Aliňo, Francisco Llamas, and Rafael Tabal, attacked the Spanish garrison in Pardo. I found a description of this event in the article “Ang Pardo sulod sa usa ka gatus ka tuig” by Onofre A. Abellanosa, published in the souvenir program: 1st Centennial Celebration: El Pardo Parish, 1966.
So, there’s a good one…
You can also included the series of battle that took place in Balamban under the leadership of Emilio Verdeflor, one of the leaders at Sudlon at the time.
Hope it works. Let me know.
Mike (@Tay)

Aguinaldo's final resting place as seen from the mansion's tower

Aguinaldo’s final resting place as seen from the mansion’s tower

So the Aguinaldo’s declaration of Independence was not really felt in Cebu.

We Should start decentralizing our History.

We should try to focus more on local History.

Every Town has his own story to tell.

For Philippine History is about all of the local histories and not just the story of select few.

–30-

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Stinky Graciano

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Early historian tends to romanticize our Heroes and Heroines, making their life story perfect to the point that common Tao finds it hard to emulate.

Luckily we have a new breed of historian the likes of Ambeth Ocampo, who advocates the demystifying our History.

“Graciano López Jaena (December 18, 1856-January 20, 1896) was a journalist, orator, revolutionary, and national hero from Iloilo, the Philippines, who is well known for his newspaper, La Solidaridad. Philippine historians regard López Jaena, along with Marcelo H. del Pilar and José Rizal, as the triumvirate of Filipino propagandists. Of these three ilustrados, López Jaena was the first to arrive in Spain and may have founded the genesis of the Propaganda Movement.” Wikipedia

Okey we learned it from our History Teacher..

Here is what our Teacher did not tell us (unless your teacher is named Ambeth Ocampo).

According to Jose Alejandro “In his dress he was slovenly and was so careless that I saw him eat sardines in oil with his fingers which he cleaned afterwards with his already dirty suit.”

Alejandrino narrated how Mariano Ponce bought Graciano a new suit but he insisted on keeping his filthy old one. Graciano later pawned the new one and returned to his old suit! Another time he was brought to a tailor and they ?recommended to the tailor to put rubber strips in the cuffs of his pants so that these would not rip off despite the fact that Graciano never cared even to put on his pants well and always carried them dragging down. His physical qualities were unfavorable to him as an orator. He was of a medium stature with a frail constitution, stuttered somewhat, and had a very pronounced Visayan accent.

See our Heroes are Human Too..

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